Hail storms are a common weather phenomenon that can wreak havoc on your home’s roof. In this post, we’ll explain what hail is, how it forms, and why it’s important to understand the damage it can cause to your roof. We’ll also cover the different types of damage that hail can cause, signs to look for, precautions you can take to prevent hail damage, and what to do if your roof has already been damaged by hail.

What is hail?

Hail is a type of precipitation that forms when updrafts in thunderstorms carry raindrops upward into extremely cold areas of the atmosphere where they freeze into ice. These frozen droplets can grow in size as they are carried up and down by the storm’s winds, eventually falling to the ground as hailstones.

Understanding how hail can cause roof damage

Hailstones can range in size from small pea-sized pellets to large golf-ball sized chunks, with some even larger. Depending on the size and force of the hailstones, they can cause varying degrees of damage to your roof.

How Hail Can Damage a Roof

Hail size and impact The size and impact of hailstones are major factors in the damage that can be caused to a roof. Small hail can cause minor dents and dings, while larger hail can cause more severe damage such as holes, cracks, and punctures.

  • Small hail: Small hail can cause damage to the granules on the surface of asphalt shingles, leading to premature aging and deterioration. It can also cause small dents in metal roofs.
  • Large hail: Large hail can cause more severe damage, including punctures, holes, and cracks in shingles, as well as more significant dents in metal roofs.

Types of damage

Hail damage can be cosmetic, affecting the appearance of your roof, or functional, affecting the performance of your roof’s protective layer.

  • Cosmetic damage: Cosmetic damage includes dents, dings, and cracks that affect the appearance of your roof but don’t necessarily impact its performance.
  • Functional damage: Functional damage can include holes, punctures, and cracks that compromise the protective layer of your roof, potentially leading to water leaks and other issues.

Signs of hail damage

It’s essential to look for signs of hail damage after a storm to prevent further issues.

  • Visible damage: Visible damage includes dents, dings, and cracks on your roof.
  • Water leaks: Water leaks are a sign of functional damage that can lead to more significant issues if not addressed promptly.
  • Other signs: Other signs of damage can include missing or broken shingles, granule loss, and damage to gutters and downspouts.

Precautions to help prevent hail damage

Taking steps to prevent hail damage can save you a lot of time, money, and frustration in the long run.

Regular roof maintenance Regular roof maintenance, including inspection and repair, is crucial to help prevent hail damage.

  • Regular roof inspections can help you identify any areas that may be vulnerable to hail damage.
  • Prompt repairs of any issues found during inspections can help prevent further damage.

Roofing material options

Choosing the right roofing materials can provide added protection against hail damage.

  • Impact-resistant materials: Impact-resistant materials, such as metal, clay, and concrete tiles, can provide added protection against hail damage.
  • Roof coatings: Roof coatings can also provide added protection against hail damage by strengthening the roof’s protective layer.
  • Protective netting: Protective netting can be installed over your roof to absorb the impact of hailstones, preventing damage to the roof’s protective layer.
  • Storm shutters: Storm shutters can be installed to protect your windows from hail damage and prevent broken glass from falling onto your roof.

What to do if your roof has been damaged by Hail

If your roof has already been damaged by hail, it’s important to take action as soon as possible to prevent further issues.

Assessing the damage Assessing the damage can help you determine the extent of the repairs needed.

  • DIY assessment: A DIY assessment can help you identify any visible damage to your roof.
  • Professional inspection: A professional inspection can provide a more detailed assessment of the damage and identify any underlying issues that may not be visible.

Contacting your insurance company

Contacting your insurance company is crucial to ensure that your repairs are covered.

  • Filing a claim: Filing a claim with your insurance company can help you get the coverage you need to repair your roof.
  • Understanding your coverage: Understanding your insurance coverage can help you determine what repairs are covered and what you may need to pay for out of pocket.

Repairing the damage

Repairing the damage promptly is crucial to prevent further issues.

  • DIY repairs: Minor cosmetic damage may be able to be repaired with DIY methods, such as using a plunger to remove dents.
  • Hiring a professional: More significant damage or functional damage will require professional repairs.

Preparing for future storms

Taking steps to prepare for future storms can help you prevent hail damage and minimize the impact if it does occur.

Keeping your roof protected

Protecting your roof from hail damage is crucial to ensuring its longevity and performance. By understanding how hail can damage your roof, taking precautions to prevent damage, and taking prompt action if your roof has been damaged, you can keep your roof in good condition for years to come. We encourage our readers to take steps to protect their roofs and contact a professional roofing contractor for more information and assistance in hail damage prevention and repair.